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申请号:201880046001.6 公开号:CN110914441A 主分类号:C12P5/02
申请人:【中文】环球生物能源公司【EN】Global Bioenergies 申请日:2018.04.19 公开日:2020.03.24
摘要:【中文】描述了用于产生异丁烯的方法,所述方法包括使3‑甲基巴豆酸酶促转化成异丁烯,其中通过利用与FMN异戊烯基转移酶结合的FMN依赖性脱羧酶,实现3‑甲基巴豆酸酶促转化成异丁烯,其中利用二甲基烯丙基磷酸(DMAP),所述FMN异戊烯基转移酶催化黄素辅因子(FMN或FAD)异戊二烯化成黄素衍生的辅因子,其中所述方法还包括通过以下方式酶促提供所述DMAP:(i)使二甲基烯丙基焦磷酸(DMAPP)酶促转化成所述DMAP;或(ii)其中使异戊烯醇(prenol)直接酶促转化成所述DMAP的单个酶促步骤;或(iii)两个酶促步骤,包括:首先使DMAPP酶促转化成异戊烯醇;并且随后使如此获得的异戊烯醇酶促转化成所述DMAP;或(iv)使异戊烯基单磷酸(IMP)酶促转化成所述DMAP,或通过(i)至(iv)中任一者的组合。另外,描述了用于产生异丁烯的方法,所述方法包括使3‑甲基巴豆酸酶促转化成异丁烯,其中通过利用与FMN异戊烯基转移酶结合的FMN依赖性脱羧酶,实现3‑甲基巴豆酸酶促转化成异丁烯,其中利用二甲基烯丙基焦磷酸(DMAPP),所述FMN异戊烯基转移酶催化黄素辅因子(FMN或FAD)的异戊二烯化,其中所述方法还包括通过以下方式酶促提供所述DMAPP:(v)使异戊烯基焦磷酸(IPP)酶促转化成所述DMAPP;或(vi)使二甲基烯丙基磷酸(DMAP)酶促转化成所述DMAPP;或(vii)使异戊烯醇酶促转化成所述DMAPP;或(viii)通过(v)至(vii)中任一者的组合。另外,描述了通过使核黄素酶促转化成黄素单核苷酸(FMN),酶促提供所述黄素辅因子的方法。 【EN】Described is a method for producing isobutene, the method comprising enzymatically converting 3-methylcrotonic acid to isobutene, wherein the enzymatically converting 3-methylcrotonic acid to isobutene is achieved by utilizing an FMN-dependent decarboxylase in combination with an FMN prenyltransferase, wherein dimethylallyl phosphate (DMAP) is utilized, the FMN prenyltransferase catalyzes the prenylation of a flavin cofactor (FMN or FAD) to a flavin-derived cofactor, wherein the method further comprises enzymatically providing the DMAP by: (i) enzymatically converting dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) to said DMAP; or (ii) a single enzymatic step wherein an prenol (prenol) is directly enzymatically converted to said DMAP; or (iii) two enzymatic steps comprising: first enzymatically converting DMAPP to isopentenol; and subsequently enzymatically converting the thus obtained prenol into said DMAP; or (iv) enzymatically converting Isopentenyl Monophosphate (IMP) to the DMAP, or by a combination of any of (i) to (iv). Additionally, a method for producing isobutene is described, the method comprising enzymatically converting 3-methylcrotonic acid to isobutene, wherein the enzymatically converting 3-methylcrotonic acid to isobutene is achieved by utilizing an FMN-dependent decarboxylase in combination with an FMN prenyltransferase, wherein the FMN prenyltransferase catalyzes the prenylation of a flavin cofactor (FMN or FAD) utilizing dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), wherein the method further comprises enzymatically providing the DMAPP by: (v) enzymatically converting isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) to the DMAPP; or (vi) enzymatically converting dimethylallyl phosphate (DMAP) to said DMAPP; or (vii) enzymatically converting prenol to said DMAPP; or (viii) by a combination of any one of (v) to (vii). In addition, methods of enzymatically providing the flavin cofactor by enzymatic conversion of riboflavin to Flavin Mononucleotide (FMN) are described.
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申请号:201880055244.6 公开号:CN111032376A 主分类号:B60G7/00
申请人:【中文】ZF腓特烈斯哈芬股份公司【EN】ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG 申请日:2018.07.25 公开日:2020.04.17
摘要:【中文】本发明涉及一种用于三点式连杆(470)的中央关节(20,120,220,320)。所述中央关节(20,120,220,320)具有壳体(22,322),该壳体通过球窝关节(23,323)能相对于中央关节(20,120,220,320)的轴连接部(24,124,224,324)转动和摆动地得到支承。此外,所述中央关节(20,120,220,320)还具有起到止挡作用的防脱开机构(25,125,225,325),防脱开机构垂直于轴连接部(24,124,224,324)的中轴线(26,126)延伸并且在球窝关节(23,323)失效的情况下防止壳体(22,322)与轴连接部(24,124,224,324)的分离。按照本发明,防脱开机构(25,125,225,325)垂直于轴连接部(24,124,224,324)的中轴线(26,126)地沿两个空间方向起作用地延伸。本发明还涉及一种具有这样的中央关节(20,120,220,320)的三点式连杆(470),其中,三点式连杆(470)构造为用于引导刚性轴的轴导向式连杆。 【EN】The invention relates to a central joint (20, 120, 220, 320) for a three-point connecting rod (470). The central joint (20, 120, 220, 320) has a housing (22, 322) which is mounted so as to be able to rotate and pivot relative to a shaft connection (24, 124, 224, 324) of the central joint (20, 120, 220, 320) by means of a ball joint (23, 323). The central joint (20, 120, 220, 320) also has an anti-release mechanism (25, 125, 225, 325) which acts as a stop and which extends perpendicular to the center axis (26, 126) of the shaft connection (24, 124, 224, 324) and prevents the housing (22, 322) from separating from the shaft connection (24, 124, 224, 324) in the event of a failure of the ball joint (23, 323). According to the invention, the anti-disengagement means (25, 125, 225, 325) extends in both spatial directions in a manner effective perpendicular to the center axis (26, 126) of the shaft connection (24, 124, 224, 324). The invention further relates to a three-point connecting rod (470) having such a central joint (20, 120, 220, 320), wherein the three-point connecting rod (470) is designed as a shaft-guided connecting rod for guiding a rigid shaft.
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申请号:201880059934.9 公开号:CN111108428A 主分类号:G02B27/64
摘要:【中文】一种复合延迟器,其建立对Re和Rth的独立控制。这可以通过形成三层复合延迟器来完成,包括一对与单个+A板组合的匹配的‑A板。该+A板通常是MD拉伸膜,其具有特定于应用的面内要求(Re)的延迟。该对‑A板的光轴交叉,使得Re=0,光轴平行于+A板对齐。‑A板的单个延迟值可以在较大的Re值范围上产生改善的视场性能,这使其成为通用补偿的非常实用的方式。尽管Rth通常与单个延迟器相关联,但是可以将具有不同光轴取向范围的延迟器堆栈视为具有复合(或合成)Rth值(RthC)。三层复合延迟器具有这样的实际优势,其使得能够在正交入射偏振变换的宽范围内进行视场补偿。 【EN】A composite retarder, which is built up of pairs ReAnd RthIndependent control of (2). This can be accomplished by forming a three-layer composite retarder comprising a pair of matched-a plates combined with a single + a plate. The + A plate is typically an MD stretch film having application specific in-plane requirements (R)e) The delay of (2). The optical axes of the pair of-A plates intersect such that Re0, the optical axis is aligned parallel to the + a plate. The individual retardation values of the A-plates can be at a larger ReThe improved field of view performance over the range of values results, which makes it a very practical way of universal compensation. Although R isthTypically associated with a single retarder, but retarder stacks having different ranges of optical axis orientations can be considered to have a composite (or composite) RthValue (R)thC). The three-layer composite retarder hasA practical advantage of this, which enables field-of-view compensation over a wide range of orthogonal incident polarization transformations.
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申请号:201880061517.8 公开号:CN111132879A 主分类号:B60T11/12
申请人:【中文】本杰明·夏皮罗【EN】Book of summer skin 申请日:2018.09.25 公开日:2020.05.08
摘要:【中文】公开了一种用于构造ReWheel、即能量回收车轮的方法和装置。在汽车减速期间,汽车的动能经由专门构造并附接到其上的再生制动组件转换为势能。然后,该能量被重新用于汽车的再一次加速,重新转换成汽车的动能。原始车轮和附接到其上的再生制动机构这两个组件的组合代表一种新型的车轮,即ReWheel。当电动发动机以发电机模式工作时,ReWheel设备的效率远高于包括电动汽车中使用的方法的其他再生制动方法。ReWheel在其实用性方面也是原创的,因为其可以应用于所有汽车,而不用考虑它们的发动机类型(电动发动机或内燃机)以及它们的发动机动力源。 【EN】A method and apparatus for constructing a ReWheel, energy recovery, wheel is disclosed. During deceleration of the vehicle, kinetic energy of the vehicle is converted to potential energy via a regenerative braking assembly specifically configured and attached thereto. This energy is then reused for another acceleration of the vehicle, again converted into kinetic energy of the vehicle. The combination of the two components, the original wheel and the regenerative braking mechanism attached thereto, represents a new type of wheel, ReWheel. When the electric engine is operating in generator mode, the efficiency of the ReWheel device is much higher than other regenerative braking methods including those used in electric vehicles. ReWheel is also original in its utility since it can be applied to all automobiles regardless of their engine type (electric or internal combustion) and their engine power source.
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申请号:201880061963.9 公开号:CN111133730A 主分类号:H04L29/06
申请人:【中文】哈贝尔公司【EN】HUBBELL Inc. 申请日:2018.08.16 公开日:2020.05.08
摘要:【中文】一种可配置的、多功能的基于IP的通信产品具有触摸屏显示器和公共硬件集合形状因数,其能够被配置用于多种操作模式中的任何一种,并且能够被加固以用在恶劣的环境中。公共硬件集合形状因数使基于IP的通信产品能够针对商业用途进行优化,即,使用最少数量的壳体构造或特征(例如,触觉按钮或拨号盘)轻松适应不同的应用和环境。操作模式能够包括但不限于VoIP电话,用于视频呼叫的视频流式传输、对讲、用于中央公共地址/一般警报(PA/GA)系统的警报激活、“无服务器”寻呼共线(SP2)系统、带FLASH的语音产品、带会议功能的产品、车载通信设备等。 【EN】A configurable, multi-functional IP-based communications product has a touchscreen display and a common hardware set form factor that can be configured for any of a plurality of operating modes and that can be ruggedized for use in harsh environments. The common hardware set form factor enables IP-based communication products to be optimized for commercial use, i.e., easily tailored to different applications and environments using a minimum number of housing configurations or features (e.g., tactile buttons or dials). The modes of operation can include, but are not limited to, VoIP telephony, video streaming for video calls, talk-back, alarm activation for central public address/general alarm (PA/GA) systems, "no server" paging co-linear (SP2) systems, voice products with FLASH, products with conferencing functionality, in-vehicle communication devices, and the like.
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申请号:201880062376.1 公开号:CN111149316A 主分类号:H04L1/22
申请人:【中文】杜比实验室特许公司【EN】Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corp. 申请日:2018.09.25 公开日:2020.05.12
摘要:【中文】一种多路径数据传输系统的控制单元,其在所述系统与前向错误校正并行地在这个系统的多个通信路径上发射数据段时优化所述路径的负载。所述控制单元基于每个路径的质量预测而确定在每个路径上发送的包的优化数目。所述所发射的包包含系统性包和经译码包。 【EN】A control unit for a multi-path data transmission system which optimizes the loading of the multiple communication paths of the system when the system transmits data segments on the paths in parallel with forward error correction. The control unit determines an optimized number of packets to send on each path based on the quality prediction for each path. The transmitted packets include systematic packets and coded packets.
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申请号:201880064948.X 公开号:CN111183405A 主分类号:G06F3/01
申请人:【中文】瑞尔D斯帕克有限责任公司【EN】REALD Inc. 申请日:2018.08.07 公开日:2020.05.19
摘要:【中文】本发明公开了用于生成用于调整头部区域的数字表示的参考数据的方法和设备,以及用于调整头部区域的所述数字表示的方法和设备。在一些布置结构中,训练数据被接收。第一机器学习算法使用所述训练数据来生成第一参考数据。第二机器学习算法使用相同的训练数据和由所述第一机器学习算法生成的所述第一参考数据来生成第二参考数据。 【EN】The invention discloses a method and a device for generating reference data for adjusting a digital representation of a head region, and a method and a device for adjusting the digital representation of a head region. In some arrangements, training data is received. A first machine learning algorithm uses the training data to generate first reference data. A second machine learning algorithm generates second reference data using the same training data and the first reference data generated by the first machine learning algorithm.
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申请号:201911044732.X 公开号:CN110989318A 主分类号:G04B19/00
申请人:【中文】谷歌有限责任公司【EN】GOOGLE Inc. 申请日:2016.12.30 公开日:2020.04.10
摘要:【中文】本申请涉及计算机化手表的物理手表指针。描述了一种计算机化手表,该计算机化手表包含构成计算机化手表的外表面的表盖,被配置为输出用于显示的图形化信息的屏幕,位于表盖和屏幕之间并被配置为显示日内时间的一组物理手表指针。一个或多个计算机处理器和包含指令的存储器。当该指令被执行时,促使一个或多个计算机处理器响应于确定计算机化手表正处于时间显示模式下,操作该组物理手表指针以使得物理手表指针通过使屏幕的显示区域的一部分模糊来呈现日内时间,以及响应于确定计算机化手表不正工作在时间显示模式下,操作该组物理手表指针以使得该组物理指针不使屏幕模糊。 【EN】The present application relates to physical watch hands of a computerized watch. A computerized watch is described that includes a bezel that forms an exterior surface of the computerized watch, a screen configured to output graphical information for display, a set of physical watch hands located between the bezel and the screen and configured to display a time of day. One or more computer processors and a memory containing instructions. The instructions, when executed, cause the one or more computer processors to, in response to determining that the computerized watch is in the time display mode, operate the set of physical watch hands such that the physical watch hands present the time of day by obscuring a portion of a display area of the screen, and in response to determining that the computerized watch is not operating in the time display mode, operate the set of physical watch hands such that the set of physical hands does not obscure the screen.
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申请号:201911071561.X 公开号:CN111134700A 主分类号:A61B6/00
申请人:【中文】株式会社岛津制作所【EN】SHIMADZU Corp. 申请日:2019.11.05 公开日:2020.05.12
摘要:【中文】本发明提供一种医用图像诊断装置。医用图像诊断装置构成为:由操作者依次实施多个工序,由此基于从被检者收集到的数据来生成医用图像。医用图像诊断装置具备:显示部,其具有显示画面;操作部,其接受操作者对显示画面的操作;以及控制部,其基于由操作部接受的操作来控制显示部。显示部构成为使与多个工序分别对应的多个设定画面叠加地显示在显示画面中。控制部构成为基于由操作部接受的操作对多个设定画面中的最上层的设定画面进行切换。显示部还构成为在多个设定画面的各个设定画面中显示多个向导画面,所述多个向导画面用于以向导形式依次输入多个信息。 【EN】The invention provides a medical image diagnosis device. The medical image diagnostic apparatus is configured to: an operator sequentially performs a plurality of steps to generate a medical image based on data collected from a subject. A medical image diagnostic apparatus is provided with: a display unit having a display screen; an operation unit that accepts an operation of the display screen by an operator; and a control unit that controls the display unit based on the operation received by the operation unit. The display unit is configured to display a plurality of setting screens corresponding to the respective plurality of steps on a display screen in a superimposed manner. The control unit is configured to switch the uppermost setting screen among the plurality of setting screens based on an operation received by the operation unit. The display unit is further configured to display a plurality of guidance screens for sequentially inputting a plurality of pieces of information in a guidance format on each of the plurality of setting screens.
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申请号:202010180070.5 公开号:CN111244965A 主分类号:H02J3/12
摘要:【中文】本申请涉及阻抗补偿。公开了一种用于操作功率变换器(1)的方法,其用于将负载电流(Iload)馈送到电网(3)中,方法包括如下的步骤:a)确定负载电流(Iload),b)监测功率变换器(1)的输出电压(Uout),c)控制负载电流(Iload),以避免输出电压(Uout)超过电压极限(Uout,lim),其特征在于如下的步骤:d)控制负载电流(Iload)包括依赖于输出电压(Uout)定义负载电流(Iload)的限制特性(70)的步骤,其中e)限制特性在第一输出电压电平(U100%)以下等于额定负载电流(Iload),f)在第一输出电压电平(U100%)和第二输出电压电平(U0%)之间具有负梯度(73),g)覆盖零和额定负载电流(Iload)之间的负载电流值范围,以及h)在第二输出电压电平(U0%)以上为零,i)其中第一输出电压电平(U100%)小于第二输出电压电平(U0%),并且j)第二输出电压电平(U0%)等于或小于最大输出电压(Uout,lim)。 【EN】The present application relates to impedance compensation. A method for operating a power converter (1) for converting a load current (I) is disclosedload) Into an electrical network (3), the method comprising the steps of: a) determining the load current (I)load) B) monitoring the output voltage (U) of the power converter (1)out) C) controlling the load current (I)load) To avoid the output voltage (U)out) Exceeding a voltage limit (U)out,lim) The method is characterized by comprising the following steps: d) controlling the load current (I)load) Including dependence on the output voltage (U)out) Defining the load current (I)load) Wherein e) the limiting characteristic is at a first output voltage level (U)100%) Equal to the rated load current (I)load) F) at a first output voltage level (U)100%) And a second output voltage level (U)0%) Has a negative gradient (73) therebetween, g) covers zero and the rated load current (I)load) A load current value range in between, and h) at a second output voltage level (U)0%) Above zero, i) wherein the first output voltage level (U) is100%) Less than the second output voltage level (U)0%) And j) a second output voltage level (U)0%) Equal to or less than the maximum output voltage (U)out,lim)。
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